Open Access Research

Immunological parameters in girls with Turner syndrome

Annika E Stenberg1*, Lisskulla Sylvén2, Carl GM Magnusson3 and Malou Hultcrantz1

Author Affiliations

1 Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden

2 Dept. of Woman and Child Health, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden

3 Dept. Clin. Chemistry, Engelholm hospital, Engelholm, Sweden

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Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine 2004, 3:6  doi:10.1186/1477-5751-3-6

Published: 25 November 2004

Abstract

Disturbances in the immune system has been described in Turner syndrome, with an association to low levels of IgG and IgM and decreased levels of T- and B-lymphocytes. Also different autoimmune diseases have been connected to Turner syndrome (45, X), thyroiditis being the most common.

Besides the typical features of Turner syndrome (short stature, failure to enter puberty spontaneously and infertility due to ovarian insufficiency) ear problems are common (recurrent otitis media and progressive sensorineural hearing disorder).

Levels of IgG, IgA, IgM, IgD and the four IgG subclasses as well as T- and B-lymphocyte subpopulations were investigated in 15 girls with Turners syndrome to examine whether an immunodeficiency may be the cause of their high incidence of otitis media. No major immunological deficiency was found that could explain the increased incidence of otitis media in the young Turner girls.

Keywords:
Antibodies; lymphocytes; immunoglobulins; hearing; otitis media