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About Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
This page includes information about the aims and scope of Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine, editorial policies, open access and article-processing charges, the peer review process and other information. For details of how to prepare and submit a manuscript through the online submission system, please see the instructions for authors.
Aims & scope
Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine is an open access, peer-reviewed, online journal that promotes a discussion of unexpected, controversial, provocative and/or negative results in the context of current tenets.
Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine aims to encourage scientists and physicians of all fields to publish results that challenge current models, tenets or dogmas. The journal invites scientists and physicians to submit work that illustrates how commonly used methods and techniques are unsuitable for studying a particular phenomenon. Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine strongly promotes and invites the publication of clinical trials that fall short of demonstrating an improvement over current treatments. The aim of the journal is to provide scientists and physicians with responsible and balanced information in order to improve experimental designs and clinical decisions.
Articles published in traditional journals frequently provide insufficient evidence regarding negative data. They hardly allow a rigorous evaluation of the quality of these results. In addition, controversial results that refute a current model or simply negative results within a current dogma, frequently meet considerable resistance before they are acknowledged. This is particularly the case if current techniques and technologies are too crude to shed further light on the findings. As more sophisticated techniques become available such findings may turn out to have been groundbreaking only decades later.
Not every unexpected observation, controversial conclusion or proposed model will turn out to be of such groundbreaking significance. Nor will they even be confirmed by subsequent scientific progress. However, we strongly believe that such "negative" observations and conclusions, based on rigorous experimentation and thorough documentation, ought to be published in order to be discussed, confirmed or refuted by others. In addition, publishing well documented failures may reveal fundamental flaws and obstacles in commonly used methods, drugs or reagents such as antibodies or cell lines, ultimately leading to improvements in experimental designs and clinical decisions.
All articles published by Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine are made freely and permanently accessible online immediately upon publication, without subscription charges or registration barriers. Further information about open access can be found here.
Authors of articles published in Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine are the copyright holders of their articles and have granted to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the article, according to the BioMed Central copyright and license agreement.
For authors who are US government employees or are prevented from being copyright holders for similar reasons, BioMed Central can accommodate non-standard copyright lines. Please contact us if further information is needed.
Open access publishing is not without costs. Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine therefore levies an article-processing charge of £1115/$1825/€1340 for each article accepted for publication. We routinely waive charges for authors from low-income countries. Generally, if the submitting author's institution is a Member the cost of the article-processing charge is covered by the membership, and no further charge is payable. In the case of authors whose institutions are Supporter Members, however, a discounted article-processing charge is payable by the author. For further details, see our article-processing charge page. A limited number of waivers for article-processing charges are also available at the editors' discretion, and authors wishing to apply for these waivers should contact the editors.
All articles published in Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine are included in PubMed, the most widely used biomedical bibliographic database service, which is run by the US National Library of Medicine. Other bibliographic databases that index articles published in Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine include:
- Google Scholar
- Index Copernicus
- PubMed Central
The full text of all research articles is deposited in PubMed Central, the US National Library of Medicine's full-text repository of life science literature, and other digital archives including e-Depot (The Netherlands).
Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine has an unofficial Impact Factor of 1.15. BioMed Central is working with Thomson Reuters (ISI) to ensure that citation analysis of articles published in Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine will be available.
Publication and peer review process
Research: reports of data from original research, in which the conclusions represent a major advance in understanding an important issue, with immediate, far-reaching implications.
Short reports: brief reports of data from original research, focused on initial findings that will be of interest to scientists in other fields.
Mini reviews: brief discussions of sharply focused topics of controversy or difficulty in a field of biomedicine. Mini reviews should direct readers to a few key papers in the field.
Commentaries: short, decisive observations and findings that are controversial in a field of biomedicine. These articles are usually related to a contemporary issue, such as recent research findings, but can also include the discussion of difficulties and possible solutions in a field of research.
All submitted manuscripts are evaluated by the Editor-in-Chief or experts from the Editorial Board and suitable manuscripts are then sent for peer review. The reports of at least two reviewers are considered when deciding on acceptance or rejection of a manuscript; a further reviewer is invited in cases where these reviewers disagree. Final decisions, however, rest with the Editor-in-Chief, who aims to provide an initial decision within six weeks.
Edited by Bjorn Olsen, Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine is supported by an expert Editorial Board.
Authors will be able to check the progress of their manuscript through the submission system at any time by logging into My Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine, a personalized section of the site.
High-quality, bound reprints can be purchased for all articles published. Please see our reprints website for further information about ordering reprints.
Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine will consider supplements based on proceedings (full articles or meeting abstracts), reviews or research. All articles submitted for publication in supplements are subject to peer review. Published supplements are fully searchable and freely accessible online and can also be produced in print. All full length articles (proceedings, reviews or research articles) are indexed by PubMed. PubMed displays the title of the supplement only in the case of meeting abstract collections. For further information, please contact us.
All manuscripts submitted to JNRBM should adhere to BioMed Central's editorial policies.
Citing articles in Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
Articles in Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine should be cited in the same way as articles in a traditional journal. Because articles are not printed, they do not have page numbers; instead, they are given a unique article number.
Article citations follow this format:
Authors: Title. J Negat Results BioMed [year], [volume number]:[article number].
e.g. Roberts LD, Hassall DG, Winegar DA, Haselden JN, Nicholls AW, Griffin JL: Increased hepatic oxidative metabolism distinguishes the action of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor delta from Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor gamma in the Ob/Ob mouse. J Negat Results BioMed 2009, 1:115.
refers to article 115 from Volume 1 of the journal.
Why publish your article in Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine?
Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine's open access policy allows maximum visibility of articles published in the journal as they are available to a wide, global audience. Articles that have been especially highly accessed are highlighted with a 'Highly accessed' graphic, which appears on the journal's contents pages and search results.
Speed of publication
Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine offers a fast publication schedule whilst maintaining rigorous peer review; all articles must be submitted online, and peer review is managed fully electronically (articles are distributed in PDF form, which is automatically generated from the submitted files). Articles are published with their final citation immediately upon acceptance in a provisional PDF form. The article will subsequently be published in both fully browsable web form, and as a formatted PDF; the article will then be available through Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine, BioMed Central and PubMed Central and will also be included in PubMed.
Online publication in Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine gives authors the opportunity to publish large datasets, large numbers of color illustrations and moving pictures, to display data in a form that can be read directly by other software packages so as to allow readers to manipulate the data for themselves, and to create all relevant links (for example, to PubMed, to sequence and other databases, and to other articles).
Promotion and press coverage
Articles published in Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine are included in article alerts and regular email updates. Some may be included in abstract books mailed to academics and are highlighted on Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine's pages and on the BioMed Central homepage.
In addition, articles published in Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine may be promoted by press releases to the general or scientific press. These activities increase the exposure and number of accesses for articles published in Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine. A list of articles recently press-released by journals published by BioMed Central is available here.
Authors of articles published in Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine retain the copyright of their articles and are free to reproduce and disseminate their work (for further details, see the BioMed Central copyright and license agreement).
For further information about the advantages of publishing in a journal from BioMed Central, please click here.